A large number of cosmetic personal care products (PCCPs) in India contain harmful microplastics, and the microspheres released from everyday items pose a serious threat to the environment, particularly the marine ecosystem, a new said. study released Thursday. Microspheres are solid primary microplastics with a diameter of less than 5mm which are used in cosmetic products such as “rinse” or “rinse” for skin exfoliation, decorative purposes, cleansing, dullness and viscosity control and presto.
Based on the evaluation of 35 PCCPs, the study titled “Dirty Cleanser: Assessment of Microplastics in Cosmetics” by the Delhi-based NGO Toxics Link showed that a total of 19 facial washes, seven facial exfoliants and nine washes for the body were tested as part of this study and out of 35 samples, 20 were detected with the presence of polymers.
Of the 20 samples with polymers, 14 have microplastic beads. Of all PCCP types tested, the largest number of plastic microspheres was found in Neutrogena Deep Clean Scrub with 17,250 microspheres per 20g, followed by VLCC Natural Sciences Rose Face Scrub with 5,510 beads per 20g and Fiama Shower Gel with 4,727 micro -beads for 20g, said the study from Toxics Link, an environmental research and defense organization.
It was found that 70% of scrubs, 55% of body cleansers, and 21% of facial cleansers had microspheres. For the study, 20 g of each of the 35 samples were taken for analysis and FTIR was used for identification of plastic particles in PCCPs.
“It is shocking to find plastic microspheres in products of such large national and international brands. Many of these brands have stopped incorporating microspheres into their products in other countries, but continue to use them in India as we don’t have an absolute ban on their use, ”said Priti Mahesh, chief coordinator of Toxics Link.
Microplastic pollution is one of the most crucial environmental problems of recent times. The size of the microspheres detected in the products tested in this study was between 32.55 and 130.92 microns. After use, they are discharged down the drain and end up in waste water treatment plants (WWTPs), where they can escape into water bodies.
“There is no efficient way of recovery once it has been disposed of and, due to non-biodegradability, it continues to persist in the environment. The microspheres used in cosmetics are responsible for a significant percentage of man-made solid waste in the aquatic environment and have an impact on marine life, ”said Amit, program coordinator, Toxics Link.
The test was carried out at the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa.
“There is a need for responsible consumer behavior and ethical purchasing, which brings us back to the issue of producer responsibility in the correct labeling of products and also to the push to use environmentally friendly alternatives,” said Satish Sinha. , Associate Director, Toxics Link.
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