Bask in the goodness of Vitamin D- The New Indian Express

Express news service

HYDERABAD: Vitamin D, produced by the body when exposed to sunlight, is essential for general health and well-being. It plays a vital role in maintaining healthy bones and teeth. Unfortunately, it is the most underdiagnosed nutritional deficiency in the world.

Prevalent in individuals regardless of age, sex, race and geography, one study shows that over 70% of Indians suffer from it despite the country’s tropical climate. However, the condition cannot be treated unless proper treatment is given. Read on to find out why

Vitamin D is so important. Why is it important for bones?

Calcium is one of the main building blocks of strong bones, and Vitamin D helps the body absorb it. Along with calcium, vitamin D helps keep osteoporosis at bay, protects bone mass and prevents fractures

Causes of Vitamin D Deficiency

  • Not spending enough time outdoors, poor exposure to sunlight
  • Food sources and supplements rich in vitamin D are not within the reach of many
  • Eating habits that contribute to a low intake of calcium and vitamin D in the diet
  • Unspaced pregnancies cause deficiency in both mother and baby

Symptoms

  • Hair loss, slow wound healing, depression, fatigue, low immunity
  • Bone pain in the lower back, hips, pelvis, thighs and feet
  • Frequent presence of hairline fractures causing tenderness and pain
  • In rare cases, severe deficiency (osteomalacia) causes severe pain in the bones

In children

  • Cramps, convulsions and breathing difficulties

In children

  • It can lead to a condition called rickets, in which the bones become weak, soft and deformed (arched legs)
  • Poor growth, tooth retardation, irritability, infections, and breathing problems (due to a soft rib cage)

In adults

  • In adults, especially in postmenopausal women, low levels of vitamin D can increase the risk of osteoporosis (thinning of the bones), making them prone to fractures

Diagnosis

  • Vitamin D levels can be diagnosed with a simple blood test
  • In the case of children, a wrist X-ray is taken to see how the bones are developing

How much vitamin D to take

Vitamin D is fat soluble (D2, D3), so the body can store it and it should fall within the range of 30-60 ng / mL

  • Babies from birth up to one year should take a supplement in the form of drops (8.5-10 micrograms / day)
  • A vitamin D supplement of 15 mg (600 IU) is required daily for pregnant / breastfeeding / menopausal women and those over the age of 65
  • Older people will need more, around 800 IU / day

How to get enough vitamin D.

  • 20-30 minutes of midday sun exposure 2-3 times a
  • In the colder months, exposure to the UV lamp will do its job
  • Most foods contain very little vitamin D. Eating fortified foods can help. Foods rich in vitamin D are fatty fish, egg yolk, orange juice, mushrooms, red meat, liver, cod liver oil
  • Supplements in the form of tablets, powders or liquids. In some severe cases, Prognosis injections
  • Maintenance treatment is important to avoid further deficiencies
  • Avoid self-medication as taking too much vitamin D (vitamin D toxicity) can be harmful

(Dr. Dasaradha Rama Reddy Tetali, Consultant orthopedic surgeon, Yashoda Hospital, Somajiguda)

Haddi friend
Dr. Dasaradha Rama Reddy

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